What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis or Degenerative joint disease is the commonest form of Arthritis. Initially, it affects the joint cartilage, causing pain in the joints. The pain and stiffness in the joint from Osteoarthritis can ultimately restrict movement. A unique feature of Osteoarthritis is that the pain tends to get worse towards the end of the day and with activity.
The primary cause of Osteoarthritis is increased age, and "wear and tear" of the joints. After a long and productive life, it is likely that the joints can be worn out, just like the brake linings of a well-used card.
Osteoarthritis can also arise as a side effect of other problems that put abnormal stress on the joints, such as obesity (from the joints having to carry that extra weight), abnormally shaped hips and knees (added stress placed on these joints when a person moves), a previous fracture or injury involving the joint: or in the case of some sportsmen, repeated stress to the joint.
Who gets affected?
Osteoarthritis affects both men and women, with women having a higher rate of Osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis rates increase sharply after the age of 50.
What are the risk factors for Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is linked to age, obesity, sports injuries, and heredity (especially Osteoarthritis of the hands), and may be associated with other forms of Arthritis like Rheumatoid Arthritis and Gout.
Can Osteoarthritis develop in all Joints?
Almost any joint can be affected. However, Osteoarthritis commonly develops in the knees, hips, spine, and hands.
What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis?
The first symptom of Osteoarthritis is a recurring pain in the affected joint(s) or muscles around the joint after a period of prolonged or strenuous use, such as after a long walk or exercise. The pain will be more if you continue to use the joint but usually subsides after sufficient rest.
Mild stiffness usually sets in when the joints have been rested ("gelling"), therefore if you have been sitting still for some time, your hips and knees may feel stiff upon standing again.
In advanced Osteoarthritis, where much of the cartilage or "proactive lining" around the joint has disintegrated, the irritation of the joints will cause an increased secretion of joint fluid which tends to accumulate around the joint area. This may cause mild swelling of the joint.
What happens to the joints in Osteoarthritis?
In the human body, the joints are normally covered with cartilage so that they can glide over each other smoothly. In Osteoarthritis, the joint cartilage steadily softens and disintegrates over time. With the loss of this protective material, the exposed bones of the joint begin to grind against each other more easily and wear each other out, creating a painful sensation in the joints when weight is put on them, saying during walking or standing up.
As the condition progresses, cyst lumps and excess fluid may develop in the affected joints, giving rise to a swollen joint.
How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?
If a patient exhibits the symptoms of Osteoarthritis, the doctor can confirm the diagnosis by doing a physical examination.
Can Osteoarthritis be prevented?
One cannot prevent aging. One can however reduce the risk of developing Osteoarthritis by maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in moderate exercise, and eating a healthy and nutritious diet. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent further joint damage and deformity.
What is the treatment for Osteoarthritis?
Knee Pain Treatment is to alleviate its symptoms. Knee Pain is a single injection visco supplement utilized to treat joint pain caused by osteoarthritis. It is comprised of highly purified, partially cross-linked sodium hyaluronate (NaHA) in a phosphate-buffered saline solution, and it is both biocompatible and resorbable.
A Single Injection, Lightly Cross-linked High Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid
A One-Injection OA Treatment
Knee Pain procedure is a non-animal sourced hyaluronic acid (HA) single injection treatment.
Knee Pain Procedure Advantage
Convenient single injection treatment
Highly concentrated, non-animal sourced HA
No confirmed pseudo septic reactions reported